Ecology of post-mining areas

Open-lignite mining areaPost-mining site Welzow Süd / BrandenburgBiodiversity

Ecosystems are affected by anthopogenic activities at a global level and, thus, are manipulated world-wide. This chapter addresses the impacts of apparent and non-apparent manipulations and restoration by human activities in Europe with a focus on the temperate zone. Drastic types of ecosystem manipulation include open-cast mining activities that occur worldwide and induce perturbation of large areas across landscapes. Such harsh human impacts create the need for remediation and restoration measures for mining regions that address classical food and fodder services and also nature conservation and novel social benefits. Recultivation therefore offers the opportunity to introduce new land-use types and to study processes of initial ecosystem development that are still poorly understood.

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