Carbon fluxes and carbon allocation in agroforestry systemsEcophysiology of new bioenergy cropsField trials with new bioenergy cropsLysimeter experiments



Ecophysiology of agroforestry and bioenergy crops

Understanding crop ecophysiology to improve biomass production and ecosystem functioning 


Biomass  is an important bio-based resource for food, feed, fiber, chemicals and energy. As a renewable source of energy biomass can be converted into high-energy solid, liquid or gaseous forms, can be produced in many regions and has the potential to be carbon neutral. The industrial use of renewable resources is increasing worldwide and the development of a sustainable biobased economy has a high priority in the next decades. Improvement of the efficiency and sustainability of the production of crops is of major importance for research and development activities. The main challenges is to ensure a production with low carbon and water footprints and their integration in the best-practice agriculture and forestry. In this context, innovative production systems can fulfil the different requirements to increase agricultural production and improving the environmental conditions.


Tree ecophysiology in agroforestry 

In agroforestry systems, selection of tree species and their management are more economically oriented towards an optimizing biomass production, use and harvest, especially in short-rotation systems for bioenergy. Our research focus on the ecophysiology and stress physiology of poplars (Populus spec.), black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia), and  willows (Salix spec.). Aim of our research is to determined the water consumption and growth of the trees and to model carbon fluxes. (Read more...)



New energy crops

Perennial energy crops like Virginia Mallow (Sida hermaphrodita) and the Sakhalin Knotweed (Fallopia sachalinensis) are suitable as new bioenergy crops. Information on the crop production of this species is rare. Greenhouse and field experiments were conducted  o determine the effects of fertilization on the growth performance and to study the water use efficiency.  [2010-2013]



Selected publication


Agrarholz - Schnellwachsende Bäume in der Landwirtschaft

Springer Spektrum November 2018

Planting of trees into agricultural systems have economical benefits as they provide timber and and fuelwood and other products. In those contemporary agroforestry systems, selection of tree species and their management are more economically oriented towards an optimizing biomass production, use and harvest, especially in short-rotation systems for bioenergy. The book give an overview about biology, ecology and management of fast-growing trees in short-rotation forestry and agroforestry.

 Read more at Springer

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